The Elements of Interior Design

The Elements of Interior Design

The main and consistent elements of interior design have been well documented and learned about through the years; but some have been left by the wayside in favour of a rush for new products or designs. An interior designer Chester knows and fully understands the main seven elements of interior design and can apply that range of knowledge to their designs.

In no specific order, let’s explore the main elements of interior design.

#1 Space

Interior design, at its most basic definition is the design of interior spaces. An interior space is defined by certain structural elements; such as floors, ceilings, columns and walls. Within interior design, an empty space is referred to as ‘negative’ space, whilst objects inserted into the space contribute to the ‘positive’ space. For interior design to work, there must be a balance achieved between the positive and the negative.

#2 Shape and Layout

There are questions that you must ask when looking at any room. What does this room lend itself to – furnishings wise? It’s all about accentuating flattering shapes with colour, and hiding the more undesirable shapes and other potential flaws. Learning to utilise what you have – alcoves, L-shaped rooms and fireplaces can all appear in less than ideal places within a home. Finding a way to use these shapes and incorporate them in the overall design is key, don’t waste your space.

#3 Light

How much light does the room get at specific points in the day such as sunrise, midday and dusk? You need to have a full evaluation of where your light is coming from – this then leads to looking into which colour applications will then enhance the space.

Considering the different lighting types available, such as ambient lighting at night time for a softer glow and to bring a more relaxing atmosphere. If you have some areas that don’t receive direct daylight, you will need to assess what works best, whether that’s floor, wall or overhead lighting.

#4 Texture

If you already have a decorated room, you will have some understanding of texture. Everything from furniture and fabrics, to decorative pieces bringing in different textures to the space. Having a multi-textured space is much more aesthetically pleasing than a scheme which only incorporates shiny and silk textures for example. There are two different types of texture, visual and actual. Actual texture isn’t always taken into account when designing a room, but a good interior designer will be aware of this element and will play with different textures to reach a balance.

#5 Print and Pattern

Now, this isn’t as easy as some people brag. When thinking about prints and patterns, use the ‘repetition in design’ trick. So let’s take radiators for example; if they have vertical finishes, duplicate this by using stripes – this could be in rug designs or cushions.

Don’t be scared of using prints with prints either – it does take guts, but the results can be truly amazing. Not every pattern has to match or have symmetry either; leopard print for example work naturally and it has a non-symmetrical pattern.

#6 Lines

When talking about lines as they apply to interior design, we mean the lines created by the architecture and the furnishings of that room. Line is a factor in deciding the harmony, contrast and unity in interior design. Line doesn’t only refer to straight lines, line works in the straight and curved plane.

#7 Colour

As important as getting the lighting right, colour is quite often the single defining attribute of a home. Some people go overboard, some stick to neutrals and some just grab a paintbrush and try their best. Colour does have an effect on size, so apply it carefully – using a darker colour to bring walls closer and lighter tones to widen a room. Also, don’t forget to paint the woodwork or the ceilings.

These are the main elements of interior design, and these make up the building blocks of any design project – they can be manipulated to create an overall design which fully satisfies the function of the space available. By working with an Interior Designer North Wales, you’ll find out how to balance your positive and negative space, and achieve some enviable interior designs.

Categories: Decoration

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